ScholarX for MBBS & USMLE preparation

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Some useful web site for students

Dear All,
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hsystemv – Social Science Research Network.

Exam writing techniques 

The best way to do well in exams is to make sure you are well prepared and have done your revision 

Exam Preparation Checklist

The night before:

  • The night before get enough sleep and eat well
  • Check the time and place of the exam.
  • Check you have the equipment you need – pens, pencils, calculator, water etc.
  • Make sure you have your Student ID card!
  • Set your alarm clock to allow you plenty of time in the morning
  • On the day:

    • Eat a good breakfast.
    • Check you have all you need for the exam before leaving home.
    • Arrive at the exam room in good time.
    • Get some fresh air on the way if possible.
    • Turn off your mobile phone.
    • Take water to the exam room.

    In the exam room:

    • Check again that you have all you need. If you have forgotten something important – inform the invigilator.
    • Check you are comfortable.
    • If you have any problems let the invigilator know NOW.
    • Put your watch where you can see it

  • What if I run out of time?

    Don’t panic. Look at how many questions you have left to answer and then work out how much time you’ve got left to spend on each question. You will probably gain the most marks if you attempt all the answers rather than spending time doing one ‘perfect answer’, so set yourself deadlines and be strict. 

  • Plan the timeclick to collapse contents

    Plan the time you can spend on each question and allow time to re-read at the end of the exam.

  • Check how many marks are availableclick to collapse contents

    Check how many marks are available for each question. If the same number of marks is available for each question, then make sure you allocate roughly the same amount of time to each. Don’t spend so much time answering your ‘favourite question’ that you write only scrappy notes for the other questions you choose.



ANATOMY –   Diagrams for all answers…infact 2-3 diagrams for every answer ..  even if u don’t write theory but still put diagrams.. ull pass easily. 

Embryology:- learn diagrams and if you know diagram and rotations then u can write theory too.

 BIOCHEMISTRY. draw a proper cycle and then write about it your answer must includes clinical part as a example. 

 PHYSIOLOGY-  try to design your question into a flowchart to describe everything in short and easy way . Yeah you have to write a lot but a flow chart in between gives you exrta makrs by making it easier for professor to understand.    

Overall tips

  •  After every question draw a line to repesent that your answer is completed
  • Write all sections of a question in continuous manner if it requires some space leave some space but don’t write that in other section or anywhere else. 
  • Every question must contain clinical correlation as an example it make your answer strong
  • Highlight the important lines in an answer.
  • Your presentation in answer sheet must look good 
  • And please dont write nonsense which will gives you no extra marks
  • And last but not least attemp every question because something is better that nothing. 

Best of luck have a nice year ahead 

Do like n  comments for any queries 😁🤗👍

What books are prescribed for the second year MBBS course


for pharmacology

1. Goodman & Gilman’s –  The Pharmacological Basis of  Therapeutics

2. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology by Bertram G, Katzung

3. Clinical Pharmacology by DR Lawrence, PN Bennett & MJ Brown

4. Essentials of Medical Pharmacology by K.D. Tripathi

5. Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics by RS Satoskar, SD Bhandarkar, SS  Ainapure 

6. Fundamental of Experimental Pharmacology by MN Ghosh


 1. Robbin’s Pathologic Basis of Diseases

2. Text-Book of Pathology by Harsh Mohan 
3.Roitt’s Essential Immunology
4.Walter and Israel’s General Pathology


1. Medical Microbiology. Greenwood Slack, Peuthere
2. Jawetz, Melnick and  Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology. Geo F. brooks, Stephen A. Morse, Janet S. Butel
3. Parasitology ( Protozoology and Helminthology)   K.D.  Chatterjee
4. Parasitology by Arora

5 Textbook of microbiology by Ananthnarayan  


forensic medicine

 1. Dr.K.S.N.Reddy-  The essential of Forensic Medicine &  Toxicology 21st  Edition 2002. Published byK.Saguna Devi, H,No. 16-11-15/2/2, Saleem nagar Colony, No.1, malapet, Hyderabad-500036.
2. Modi‘s  Textbook of Medical Jurisprundence  and toxicology- Edited by  BV  Subramanyam, Butterworths India, New Delhi.22nd  edition, 2001.
3. Dr. C.K.Parikh-  A  text book of Medical Jurisprundence, Forensic Medicine &  Toxicology, CBS Publishers, Delhi, Sixth Edition 1999. 4. Dr.  Apurba Nandy- Principles of Forensic Medicine, 3rd Edition 2000, New Central Book  Agency (P) ltd. Calcutta. 5. Dr. Krishan  Vij-  Text book of Forensic Medicine &  Toxicology- Principles and Practice, BI Churchill Livingston, New Delhi, 2nd edition, 2002.


Now coming on the practical

For practical you will be need only these 2 books that’s all, in rest it is not required that much.

For pathology- Harsh Mohan practical textbook  

For microbiology- cv baveja practical textboo

Second Year MBBS 

First of all, Congratulations for clearing  your First MBBS Professional Exam !

Now, coming to the point, second prof is 1.5 years long. Your subjects are Pharmacology (Anatomy of 2nd year), Pathology (Physio of 2nd year), Microbiology (Biochem of 2nd year) and Forensic Medicine and Toxicology or FMT (No analogy totally new).

  1. In Pharmacology, you’ll deal with drugs and as professors told us at the beginning, this is the most volatile subject in whole MBBS. You’ll learn what drugs to prescribe in what condition, their mechanism of action, adverse effects, interactions, contraindications, etc. Revise what is taught each day. Use Classification of Drugs booklet along with KDT for quick revision. Correlate clinical conditions with the mechanism of action of drugs.
  2. Pathology isn’t restricted to what we see pathologists doing in our routine lives. Yes, you’ll have Urine, Blood, CSF and examination in practicals. But, the main part will be the study of cause of disease, its etiology and pathogenesis. You’ll study different systems and a variety of diseases, mostly tumors associated with these systems. I find it as the most interesting subject after FMT. During practicals, you’ll see specimens and slides and learn as to how does a particular organ appear grossly and microscopically when manifested with a disease. Basically, the subject is integration of
    Histology and Physiology.
  3. Microbiology deals with bacteria, viruses, parasites, mycology, clinical and immunology. You’ll learn about the plethora of pathogenic microorganisms. It will be a step ahead to the Kingdom classifications which we’ve studied in high school. During practicals, you’ll be shown different slides, media, apparatus and demonstrated Gram, ZN Staining and Stool Examination. Though you can understand certain things, but there’s no other option than mugging up for most of it, you’ll have to mug up the lab diagnoses anyhow. But lab D is easy to learn and remember so dont worry about it.
  4. Coming to FMT, if love detective stories, you’ll find this subject really interesting. The subject consists of –
  • Forensic Medicine which deals with study of injuries, weapons, various types of death. Autopsy 😓
  • Medical Ethics & Jurisprudence where you’ll learn about legal responsibilities of a doctor, courts, IPC, CrPC, writing various certificates.
  • Toxicology where you’ll learn about different toxins, their action, treatment and postmortem appearance.

You’ll be required to attend autopsies and believe me it is more horrible than cadaveric dissection. But still most fentastic thing.

Plus, you’ll have your clinical postings for two hours in the morning, where your complete batch will be divided in groups of students and you’ll be posted in Departments of Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, Obs & Gyn, PSM, Skin, Ortho, etc. and attend wards, OPD and OT accordingly. This will be the first time when you come across patients and with stethoscope around your neck, you’ll feel like being a real Doctor. You’ll take Cases and Residents or Lecturers will discuss them, this is considered a foundation for the clinical subjects in your 3rd Major year. There would be term end exams at the end of postings to test what you’ve learnt.

Basically, second year subjects are a base for the Clinical subjects. Though, it is the longest phase of the course, but still you’ll get plenty of time to enjoy. 

For PG preparation, you can either join the Foundation courses of coaching institutes or from II/II start solving MCQs once you’ve thoroughly read a chapter. Develop a Clinical approach by correlating your Clinical Postings findings with Patho and Micro and its treatment with Pharmac.

Along with these four subjecs lectures you will be having lectures on medicine, surgery, and community medicine. So please attend them because the topis which have been covered during this phase will not be covered in their respective years its MCI schedule and along with this at the end you may be having exams(semester) of PSM so study hard 

In short, enjoy your second year while studying regularly from II/I itself. But do study on daily basis.

All the Best!

To Remember What We Have Learned  For A Long Time ⌛

To remember what we have learned for a long time is to consistently adhere to ten brain friendly memory strategies.

1) Interest:

In order to remember something thoroughly, we must be interested in it.

We must have a reason to learn it.

According to well-known information architect and author of ‘Information Anxiety’, Richard Saul Wurman:

“… Learning is remembering what you’re interested in…

Learning can be seen as the acquisition of information, but before it can take place, there must be interest; interest permeates all endeavors and precedes learning. In order to acquire and remember new knowledge, it must stimulate your curiosity in some way… ”

2) Intent to Remember

We must be positive about wanting to remember what we are learning, and also positively knowing that we will remember well.

3) Basic Background

Our understanding of new materials depends to a great degree on how much we already know about the subject.

The more we increase our basic knowledge, the easier it is to build new knowledge on this background.

That’s why I always propose students to do a preview of the new lesson the night before class. This is to facilitate what learning psychologists call, “schema activation”.

4) Selectivity

We must determine what is most important and select those parts to study and learn.

This is basically applying Pareto’s Law to learning.

5) Meaningful Organization

We can learn and remember better if we can group ideas into some sort of meaningful categories or groups.

At the macrocosmic level, I often encourage students to understand that most academic subjects can be classifired into 3 categories, even though a few subjects may straddle more than one category:

a) problem solving;
b) concept-driven/memory-dependent;
c) interpretation- and/or prediction-based;

At the microcosmic level, for each academic subject, we can segregate “core material” from “eleborative material”.

My ‘Divide and Conquer” study strategy for test prep, which I have often put forward in my Quora posts, is based on this initiative.

Compiling global consolidated and summarised study notes for test prep, as I have often proposed, is also part of this initiative.

6) Recitation

Saying ideas aloud in our own words is probably the most powerful tool we have to transfer information from short-term to long-term memory.

That’s why I always suggest to students to do a simple 3 R’s strategy upon exit from class before going to the next one: Recap, Review and Reinforce, the key ideas and salient points of the class lecture.

7) Mental Visualization

Another powerful memory principle is making a mental picture of what needs to be remembered.By visualizing, you use an entirely different part of the brain than you did by reading or listening.

Most of us remember what we see much larger (and better) than what we read or hear.

We, therefore, need to make an effort to visualize everything we learn.

To me, the graphic methods of taking notes and making notes, like idea mapping, cluster diagramming, graphic organising or usung visual tools with pictures, images, lines, colours, etc. facilitate this initiative.

8) Association

Memory is increased when facts to be learned are associated with something familiar to us.

By recalling something we already know and making a link to the “brain file” that contains that information, we should be able to remember new information more efficiently.

To me, this initiative is part of the acid test of understanding.

In fact, the graphic methods of taking notes and making notes help tremendously in this area.

9) Consolidation

Our brain must have time for new information to soak in.

When we make a list or review our notes right after class, we are using the principle of consolidation.

New information takes time to soak in.

Most people agree that short term memory will only hold 7 plus/minus 2 chunks of information. We are usually bombarded with much more information than we can remember. We must, therefore, allow time for consolidation to take place. In fact, we must cause consolidation to take place.

To me, going to bed early and avoiding “cramming” (or “burning the midnight oil” as it is known in Singapore) is the best bet to allow our brain to take its natural consolidation cycle.

10) Distributed Practice

A series of shorter study sessions distributed over several days is preferable to fewer but longer study sessions.

We tend to remember things at the beginning of a list or study session and things at the end, what learning psychologists call, “Primacy Effect” and “Recency Effect”.

By using distributed practice, we can optimise our learning pursuit.

Distributed practice allows time for information and ideas to consolidate and for us to build a basic background. It also uses what we know about the nature of short-term memory.

That’s why I always suggest to students to do the 3 R’s strategy ….